Sustainable Agriculture and its important

Sustainable development has been an elementary precept for all   economic and policy sectors since the 1992 UN Conference on   Environment and Development. Moreover, a large census indicates that   this is a fundamental objective for agriculture, and sustainable   agriculture is seen as basic to sustainable development worldwide.   There is widespread recognition of the criticisms of creating   frameworks for sustainable agricultural production.  

What is sustainable agriculture, though? A lot of people seem confused   about the concept, and it is often misinterpreted. Sustainable agriculture   is the practice of agriculture, according to the Principles of Ecology, a  study of how organisms relate to their environment. This type of  farming allows us to produce nutritious food without jeopardizing the  capacity of future generations to do so. It has several other names such  as natural agriculture, ecological agriculture/ ecoagriculture or  biological agriculture, or even permaculture.  

However, sustainable agriculture has an ambiguous meaning, and it is a broad term that includes  many distinct approaches. Various definitions show that this practice has different implications for  different people. However, this may be seen as an opportunity and an essential part of making  sustainable agriculture a reality. Sustainable agriculture is not a concept of self-assertion; however,  we should no longer look for the only solution, the only common definition.  

The idea of sustainable agriculture arose due to the yields of current farming methods (modern  commercial agriculture), reaching an optimal level, and subsequent ecological problems caused  due to the extreme use of synthetic compounds and composts and the accumulation of pesticides  into natural lifestyles. Thus, we need a more sustainable method in order to survive better in the  long run. Which is why, practices like ecoagriculture would contribute to the maintenance of  ecological equilibrium and the conservation of natural resources.

Currently, as our country’s human population  increases, natural resources such as land, water, fossil fuels, etc., are overexploited for food shelter,  and urbanization. Human activities have led to environmental degradation and the following  problems such as soil erosion, salinization of soils,  biomagnifications of toxic substances, wildlife extinction, droughts, floods, ozone depletion,  desertification, river siltation, eutrophication, deforestation, etc. Sustainable agriculture develops  to ensure that the agro-ecosystem is stabilized and crop yields are sustainable in the long run.  Ecological agriculture implies practices such as organic farming and natural pest control, the  microflora in close harmony with useful and complete soil inhabitants help with the use of  synthetic chemicals and eco friendly practices. This will help us in producing food without soil  pollution, and agriculture’s contribution with least damage to the ecosystem.  

Why Is It Important?

The reason why sustainable agriculture is essential for the nourishment, the security of the long  run:  

  1. Nourishes and restores the soil Contrary to conventional industrial settings, sustainable  agriculture places a strong emphasis on soil nutrition, which ultimately leads to healthier  plants and animals. Through natural fertilizers and crop rotation, while minimizing the  number of animals on a farm to a minimum of sustainable agriculture, ensuring that there  are no toxic compounds that can be hazardous to humans, animals, or pollinators. With  healthy soils, plants can withstand attacks from pests and diseases because they have the  minerals required to give them resilience.  
  2. Conserves and protects the water – Sustainable agricultural systems use a range of ways  to conserve water, including drip irrigation and mulching. It also emphasizes planting  perennials with deep roots that do not require much water. Sustainable agriculture also  involves practices that protect waterways from pollution. In particular, this agriculture  system uses practices such as contour farming and filters strips near rivers or limits  contamination of the water bodies.  
  3. Provides crops with resilience – This kind of agriculture plays a vital role in the reduction  of greenhouse gas emissions and the preservation of energy and water. For a planet  increasingly confronted with the dangers of climate change, sustainable agriculture  provides resilience, as it emphasizes growing a variety of crops as opposed to  monoculture. While ensuring that soils are healthy to supply the minerals necessary for  good plant health. 

With sustainable agriculture being an advanced developing strategy, a more beneficial  environment could be guaranteed for the future generations. As a result of the environmental  crisis, eco-friendly practices such as this contribute to the overall conservation of our environment.  It is high time that we seek a healthier choice and choose organic farming using sustainable  agriculture which is extremely essential for the world right now.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *